全国|北京|上海|天津|重庆|河北|河南|山西|山东|江苏|浙江|湖北|湖南|陕西|安徽|福建|江西|广东|广西|四川|云南|海南|辽宁|吉林|黑龙江|贵州|甘肃|青海|内蒙古|宁夏|新疆|西藏

2020年成人高考高起点英语名词考点总结

成人高考信息网 发布时间:2020-10-17 09:57:57

2020年成人高考高起点英语名词考点总结


  A、常见的不可数名词


  1.Fluids(流体):


  air空气, smoke烟, water水, oil油, ink墨木, juice果汁,


  rain雨水, tea茶, coffee咖啡, wine酒,beer啤酒


  2.Substances(物质):


  paper纸, glass玻璃,wood木头,iron铁, chalk粉笔,


  fruit水果,meat肉, beef牛肉, mutton羊肉,chicken鸡肉,


  sugar糖, salt盐, rice米, sand沙子, dust灰尘,


  gold黄金


  3.Abstracts(抽象名词):


  health健康, wealth财富, honesty诚实, friendship友谊,


  wisdom智慧, attention注意力,luck运气, progress进步,


  work工作, room空间, news新闻, information消息,


  love爱, trouble 麻烦, happiness幸福, silence寂静


  4.Subjects(学科):


  physics物理, chemistry化学, mathematics数学,history历史,


  geography地理, English英语, biology生物, music音乐


  B. 、可数名词的复数形式


  1.直接在词尾加-s,如 desks, maps, cats, pens cars, farms


  2.以-s, -x, -ch, sh结尾的词加-es :glasses, classes, buses, boxes, foxes, watches, matches, brushes, dishes(例外:stomachs 胃)


  3.以-O 结尾的词:


  Negroes, heres, potatoes, tomatoes(有生命的名词加-es);


  photos, pianos, kilos, radios, zoos studios(无生命的名词加-es)


  4.辅音字母+y 结尾的,把y 变为i再加es :


  city-cities, story-stories, baby-babies, dictionary-dictionaries,


  factory- factories, fly- flies, diary-diaries


  但是,元音字母+y——直接+s toy——toys


  5.以 -f, -fe结尾的单词,去掉f,-fe 再加 ves:


  knife-knives, wife-wives, life-lives, wolf-wolves,


  thief-thieves, leaf-leaves


  例外:roof-roofs屋顶, belief-beliefs信仰, gulf-gulfs海湾


  safe-safes, handkerchief-handker chiefs手帕


  6.特殊变化:


  man-men woman→woman


  child→children, tooth→teeth,


  goose→geese鹅 foot→feet,


  mouse→mice, looker-on→lookers-on 旁观者


  passer-by→passers-by过路人,


  editor-in-chief→editors-in-chief总编辑,


  man-doctor→men doctors,


  woman-doctor→women doctors;


  fish, deer, Chinese, sheep单复数同形。


  C、 只有复数形式的名词


  1.下列名词,只有复数形式,只能接复数形式的动词:


  clothes衣服, fireworks烟火, wages工资, thanks谢意,


  remains残留物,sweets糖果


  2.由相同两部分构成的名词,只有复数形式,只能接复数形式的动词:


  scissors剪刀, glasses眼镜, trousers裤子,shoes鞋,


  socks袜, gloves手套


  这些名词如表示数量,要以 pair为单位,如:


  a pair of shoes一双鞋 two pairs of shoes 两双鞋


  a pair of glasses一副眼镜 two pairs of glasses两副眼镜


  3.某些集合名词,本身即为复数,所以不能加-s,也不能以one, a, every等词来修饰,如:


  this people(×) these peoples(×) these people(√)


  that police(×) those polices(×) those police(√)

免费获取【成考帮】为您定制的学历提升方案